Identify risk factors for disease
Meet and work with aquatic animal health specialists from all over the world
Share hands-on experience in epidemiology tools with top experts
Learn about measuring disease frequency and reporting
Update your knowledge on disease surveillance and surveys
Gain deeper insight on outbreak investigation and disease control
Interpret test results
1. Introduction and basic concepts (1 hour) 1.1. What is epidemiology and its role in aquatic animal health 1.2. Challenges to applying epidemiology in aquaculture 1.3. The epidemiological triad, criteria for causation and causal webs 1.4. Progressive Control Pathway (PCP) approach in biosecurity 2. Measuring disease frequency and reporting (3 hours) 2.1. Measurements of disease frequency 2.1.1. Case definition 2.1.2. Sampling 2.1.3. Estimation of incidence and prevalence 2.1.4. Biases: selection, information and confounding 2.1.5. Reporting confidence of results 2.2. Monitoring morbidity and mortality at the farm level 2.2.1. Questionnaire design 2.2.2. Data storage 2.2.3. Routine analysis 2.2.4. Setting thresholds 3. Disease surveillance (2 hours) 3.1. Purposes of surveillance 3.2. Criteria for listing diseases 3.3. Classification of surveillance systems 3.4. Design of surveillance systems 3.5. International reporting and the role of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) 3.6. The application of new technology 3.7. Case study: Disease surveillance in Norwegian aquaculture 4. Surveys to demonstrate disease freedom (2 hours) 4.1. Sampling procedures 4.2. Sample size calculation 5. Outbreak investigation and disease control (2 hours) 5.1. Case definition 5.2. Basic techniques 5.2.1. Distinguishing propagating versus point source outbreaks 188.8.131.52. Within-farm investigation: analysis by time, space, age, etc. 184.108.40.206. Investigation of spread between farms: the index case and forward/back tracing 5.3. Minimizing spread of diseases 5.3.1. Defining surveillance and protection zones 5.3.2. Identifying and preventing routes of transmission 6. Interpretation of test results (diagnostic test characteristics) (2 hours) 6.1. Sensitivity and specificity 6.2. The impact of pooling 6.3. Negative and positive predictive values 7. Identifying risk factors for disease (3.5 hours) 7.1. Design of observational studies 7.2. Hypothesis formulation and testing 7.3. Analytical methods 7.3.1. Analysis of 2x2 contingency tables 7.3.2. Stratification 7.3.3. Controlling confounding and interaction 8. MedAID project: epidemiological goals (0.5 hours) 9. Practical work (20 hours) 9.1. Discussions 9.1.1. Open discussion: How does disease impact aquaculture? How can epidemiology improve aquatic animal health management? 9.1.2. Group discussion: Biosecurity measures and resources to prevent disease introduction and spread 9.2. Interrogation of WAHIS database 9.3. Investigation of a disease outbreak 9.3.1. Analysis of mortality data from a farm outbreak (analysis by time, space, age group) 9.3.2. Forward and back tracing from an index case based on movement and other records 9.4. Assessment of diagnostic tests: calculation of sensitivity, specificity and predictive values 9.5. Designing surveillance to demonstrate disease freedom 9.5.1. Sample size calculation for disease freedom 9.5.2. Interpreting the results of disease surveillance 9.6. Sample size calculation for prevalence estimation 9.7. Calculations of prevalence and incidence 9.8. 2x2 tables and stratified analysis 10. Concluding remarks (1 hour)
The course is designed for 25 participants with a university degree. It is intended for veterinarians and other aquatic animal health professionals, with or without previous formal training in epidemiology, but involved in delivering aquatic animal health services in either the private or public sector.
The course will be held at IAMZ-CIHEAM in Zaragoza from 25 February - 1 March 2019, in morning and afternoon sessions.
3 December 2018
The deadline may be extended for candidates not requiring a visa and not applying for a grant if there are free places available.
Registration fees for the course amount to 500 euro. This sum covers tuition fees only.
Candidates from CIHEAM member countries (Albania, Algeria, Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Lebanon, Malta, Morocco, Portugal, Spain, Tunisia and Turkey) and candidates participating in MedAID project may apply for scholarships covering registration fees, or scholarships covering the cost of travel and full board accommodation.
Candidates from other countries who require financial support should apply directly to other national or international institutions.
It is compulsory for participants to have medical insurance valid for Spain. Proof of insurance cover must be given at the beginning of the course. Those who so wish may participate in a collective insurance policy taken out by the Organisation, upon payment of the stipulated sum.